top of page
Image by Uday Mittal

Mental illness is Real,

Common and Treatable!

Requires a diagnosis by a licensed mental health or medical provider

50%

 50% of all lifetime mental illnesses begin by age 14; 75% by age 24

1 in 5

Mental illness affects one in five U.S. adults  (approximately 60 million)

25%

Nearly 25% of adults, age 18

and over, living in North Carolina have expressed having symptoms related to depression and/or anxiety

pexels-alex-green-5699455.jpg
MENTAL ILLNESS DEFINED

Alteration in a person’s thinking, mood and/or behavior. Disruption in a person’s ability to:

Work and carry out daily activities

Deal with life’s everyday stressors

Function in daily life

Engage in satisfying activities and relationships

Click the tabs below to learn about Mental Illness.

POSSIBLE CAUSES OF MENTAL ILLNESS 

1

Genetics - Often occurs within families

2

Childhood trauma

3

Stressful events/ environment

4

Alcohol and drug use 

5

Imbalance in brain chemistry 

6

Can be a combination of the above

With proper care and treatment many individuals learn to cope or recover from a mental illness or emotional disorder.
Most common type of mental illness

Anxiety Disorders

1.

Interferes with you ability to function

2.

Often overreacts when something triggers your emotions

3.

Difficult to control responses to situations

Symptoms may include:
  • Excessive worry

  • Feelings of nervousness

  • Intense panic and fear

  • Sweating and rapid heartbeat

  • Inability to be still and calm

  • Nightmares/trouble sleeping

Types of anxiety disorders:
  • Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)

  • Panic disorder

  • Phobias

  • Separation anxiety

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

For additional information about Anxiety Disorders not on this website click HERE
Image by Joice Kelly
Medical Form

Mood Disorders

A mental health class that health professionals use to broadly describe all types of depression and bipolar disorders.

The more common types of mood disorders are major depression, bipolar disorder and persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia) 

Other types of mood disorders include seasonal affective disorder, substance use mood disorder, mood disorder linked with a medical condition such as a stroke

Children, teens and adults can have mood disorders. However, children and teens may not always have the same set of symptoms as adults 

Therapy, antidepressants and support and self-care can help treat mood disorders.

Click the tabs below to learn about Mood Disorders.

Depression Is a common and serious illness and Impacts day-to-day functioning

SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION: 
Symptoms last for more than two (2) weeks
  • Persistent sad, anxious or “empty” mood

  • Sleeping too much or too little, early morning awakening

  • Restlessness, irritability

  • Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed

  • Appetite and/or weight loss or overeating and weight gain

  • Persistent physical symptoms that do not respond to treatment, such as: headaches, digestive disorders, constipation, and chronic pain

  • Feelings of hopelessness, pessimism

  • Decreased energy, fatigue, feeling “slowed down”

  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness

  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering or making decisions

  • Thoughts of death or suicide (NOTE:  People with this symptom should get treatment right away) 

Affects approximately 1.1% of the total population

Schizophrenia | 

Psychotic Disorders

A serious brain disorder characterized by a profound disruption in cognition and emotion. Believed to be caused by chemical imbalances in the brain affecting language, thought, perception, and sense of self. 

Symptoms may include:
Negative symptoms may include:
  • Delusions

  • Hallucinations

  • Disordered Thinking

  • Disorganized Motor Behavior

  • Reduced or lack of ability to function normally

  • Can not show feelings

  • Loses the ability to experience pleasure

  • Speaks in monotone (flat affect)

  • Can not start or maintain conversations

  • Minimal flow of thought

  • Lack of motivation

  • Minimal self-care, hygiene and grooming

NOTE: Schizophrenia is NOT “split personality” or “multiple personality disorder”. Persons with schizophrenia are not perpetually incoherent or psychotic.

Click the tabs below to learn more about Psychotic Disorders.

Schizoaffective Disorder

A combination of schizophrenia symptoms (hallucinations, delusions) and mood disorder symptoms (depression or mania) Persons with schizoaffective disorder tend to show more mood symptoms but symptoms are different in each affected person.

Two types of schizoaffective disorder:

one

BIPOLAR TYPE: 

Episodes of mania and sometimes major depression

two

DEPRESSIVE TYPE:

Episodes of only major depression

pexels-liza-summer-6382637.jpg
Image by Tim Doerfler

Dementia

An “umbrella term” defined as impaired ability to remember, think or make decisions. Affecting one’s memory, attention, communication, reasoning, judgment, and ability to problem solve

Click the tabs below to learn about Dementia

Types of Dementia include:

one

Alzheimer’s Disease

is a type of dementia, accounting for 60-80% of cases 

two

Vascular Dementia

10% of cases-disease or injury of the blood vessels leading to the brain. Symptoms include impairments in motor skills and judgment

three

Lewy Body Dementia

5% of cases - symptoms include hallucinations, disordered sleep, impaired thinking and motor skills 

four

Frontotemporal Dementia

10% of cases - deterioration of the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. Symptoms include personality changes, issues with language

Affects around 9% of the population

Eating Disorders

Are serious, potentially life-threatening, conditions that affect both physical and mental health as well as the ability to function in daily life. Thought to occur due to a combination of genetics, family history and learned behaviors.

  • Typically develops in adolescence, young adulthood 95% of the time, but can occur at any age

  • Does not discriminate - while we may think of eating disorders primarily affecting white females - males, youth and adults who identify as LGBTQ+, persons who identify as African-American and athletes in sports that emphasize appearance and weight can also be at risk  

  • Can also be a “trigger” for persons who are victims of neglect, abuse and trauma

  • Are typically associated with other, underlying mental health issues such as:  depression, anxiety, social anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), personality or substance abuse disorder

Click the tabs below to learn more about Psychotic Disorders.

Types of Eating Disorders

While there are multiple types of eating disorders, the two most common of the eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa and are characterized by the following:

one

Anorexia Nervosa:

  • Can be life-threatening

  • Unhealthy low body weight

  • Intense fear of gaining weight

  • Has a view of weight and shape that is not realistic

two

Bulimia Nervosa:

  • Can be life-threatening

  • Includes episodes of binging, commonly followed by episodes of purging

  • Purging can include taking laxatives 

  • Can include severely limiting eating for periods of time

pexels-andres-ayrton-6551070.jpg
bottom of page